Shoulder Dystocia





Shoulder dystocia is an obstetrical complication that occurs in thousands of deliveries in the US each year. It has the potential for causing significant, lifelong injury to the newborns involved in such deliveries. Despite the hundreds of published studies on shoulder dystocia many important questions remain:

  1. Is shoulder dystocia predictable?
  2. Can it be prevented?
  3. When it does occur, can anything be done to decrease the risk of brachial plexus injury?
  4. If there is an injury, was it caused by mismanagement on the part of the physician while attempting to resolve the shoulder dystocia or was it an inevitable consequence of the dystocia?

By having thoroughly reviewed the published literature on shoulder dystocia and brachial plexus injury from 1965 to the present, presents comprehensive, reliable, and consistent answers to these important questions.

Table of Contents
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  1. Introduction to Shoulder Dystocia
  2. History of Shoulder Dystocia
  3. What is Shoulder Dystocia?
  4. Pelvic Anatomy Related to Shoulder Dystocia
  5. Incidence of Shoulder Dystocia
  6. Recurrent Shoulder Dystocia
  7. Fetal and Maternal Injuries Following Shoulder Dystocia
  8. Can Shoulder Dystocia be Anticipated Accurately?
  9. Can Shoulder Dystocia and Brachial Plexus Injury Be Prevented?
  10. Can Shoulder Dystocia Be Resolved Without Fetal Injury When It Does Occur?
  11. Is All Brachial Plexus Injury Caused by Shoulder Dystocia?
  12. Shoulder Dystocia Drill
  13. Documentation
  14. Conclusions
  15. Bibliography
  16. Resources
  17. Shoulder Dystocia Registry
  18. Contact Page

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Home | Text | Conclusions | Bibliography 
Resources | Shoulder Dystocia Registry | Contact


Shoulder Dystocia

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